Tags: Cholesteryl

Amphotericin B (Fungilin, Fungizone, Abelcet, Fungisome, Amphocil)

Systematic drug interaction studies have not been performed to date using amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate complex, amphotericin B lipid complex, or amphotericin B liposomal. The fact that drug interactions reported with conventional IV amphotericin B could also occur with these lipid-based or liposomal formulations of the drug should be considered.

Amphotericin B: Cautions

Acute infusion reactions (e.g., fever, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) and nephrotoxicity are the most frequent adverse reactions to conventional IV amphotericin B. Although clinical experience with amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate complex, amphotericin B lipid complex, and amphotericin B liposomal is limited to date, these drugs appear to be better tolerated than conventional IV amphotericin B.

Amphotericin B: Dosage and Administration

Conventional amphotericin B is administered by IV infusion. The drug also has been given intra-articularly, intrapleurally, intrathecally, or by local instillation or irrigation. For information regarding administration of the drug as an oral suspension and administration of the drug topically, subconjunctivally, or by local instillation or irrigation.

Amphotericin B: Uses

Conventional IV amphotericin B (formulated with sodium desoxycholate) is used for the treatment of potentially life-threatening fungal infections including aspergillosis, North American blastomycosis, systemic candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, paracoccidioidomycosis,, sporotrichosis, and zygomycosis.

Amphotericin B

Amphotericin B is active against Absidia spp., Aspergillus spp., Basidiobolus spp., Blastomyces dermatitidis, Candida spp., Coccidioides immitis, Conidiobolus spp., Cryptococcus neoformans, Histoplasma capsulatum, Mucor spp., Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, Rhizopus spp., Rhodotorula spp., and Sporothrix schenckii.