Tags: Nebcin

Anaerobic & Necrotizing Infections

Gangrene is local death of soft tissues due to disease or injury and is associated with loss of blood supply. Anaerobic and necrotizing infections may be associated with gas.

Specific Anti-Infective Agents

Clinicians should be familiar with the general classes of antibiotics, their mechanisms of action, and their major toxicities. The differences between the specific antibiotics in each class can be subtle, often requiring the expertise of an infectious disease specialist to design the optimal anti-infective regimen. The general internist or physician-in-training should not attempt to memorize all the facts outlined here, but rather should read the pages that follow as an overview of anti-infectives. The chemistry, mechanisms of action, major toxicities, spectrum of activity, treatment indications, pharmacokinetics, dosing regimens, and cost are reviewed.

Antimicrobial therapy: general principles

A wide variety of antimicrobial agents is available to treat established infections caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, or parasites. This section will cover the general principles of antimicrobial therapy and will also include illustrative clinical problems to emphasize proper decision-making in using antimicrobials.

Tobramycin Sulfate

Commercially available tobramycin solution for oral inhalation is administered via nebulization in the management of bronchopulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in cystic fibrosis patients 6 years of age or older. Use of tobramycin oral inhalation solution can be considered for suppressive therapy in cystic fibrosis patients colonized with Ps. aeruginosa if they are 6 years of age or older and have a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) that is 25-75% of the predicted value. At baseline, the FEV1 in all study patients was 25-75% of the predicted value.